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Mapping and Scoping Future Changes

Mapping and scoping future changes

Formally mapping the existing curriculum against a standard model and the Vision

Once you have identified a need to change your curriculum, it is a good idea to ensure that you completely understand what you already deliver. This is best achieved through a formal curriculum mapping exercise. Here, existing learning outcomes for your programme are mapped and compared against already published curricula (either set by a regulatory body, or proposed by associations or specialty societies). This process can be supported using intelligent online tools such as MOLAR, but it is also possible to set up Excel spreadsheets or Access databases to map and categorise your learning outcomes.

 

The Graduating European Dentist curriculum is available online and it is possible to search for specific key words or learning outcomes. Existing recommendations and approaches can also be discussed with curriculum taskforce members within ADEE

 

Once the mapping is complete, it is possible for you to interpret areas of deficit within your existing curriculum - and also to identify areas of repetition or overlap, allowing you to ensure that your delivery of learning events is as efficient and varied as possible. 

 

At this point it is a good idea to step back somewhat and consider the wider function of your curriculum. The overall ‘vision’ for OHP education in Europe is shown diagramatically here - and this is an opportunity to consider each of the 8 elements in turn, and whether you can better orient your curriculum to these aspirational outcomes.

 

Exploring innovative methods of teaching and assessment

It is easy for teaching and assessment methods to become embedded within a school and therefore remain unchanged and unchallenged for long periods of time. This is an opportunity for you to reconsider whether the methods of teaching and assessment are appropriate for your learning outcomes and your graduate profile. Documents exist which detail relatively contemporary methods of teaching and assessing in dental education but also within higher education in general - and these are updated each year. You may also wish to discuss your ideas with colleagues outside of your institution who also teach the same subjects, or programmes. This is where interaction with ADEEs SIGs and COPs are often very fruitful activities. If there is no current active SIG for the area you are interested in, then ADEE would be delighted to receive a proposal for a new group. ADEE also provides an online resource (DigEdDent) which offers advice with online learning in relation to:

  • Teaching methods
  • Assessment methods
  • Communication
  • Student support
  • Data and portfolio use
  • Library of good practice

 

  • Consider discrete approaches such as
    • Blended learning and the use of case-based discussions
    • Simulation and digital dentistry

Whilst you are reviewing curriculum content and methods of teaching and learning, it is also a good opportunity to consider various concepts or recommendations that map across curricula more widely. Examples of these include the teaching of topics that have applicability both across subjects and longitudinally across the whole programme - such as Professionalism, Social responsibility, Inter-professional Education, Sustainability and Resilience and Well-being. Often these subjects require early and perpetual engagement before they are completely understood by students; also when they are understood, they result in fundamental changes in perception and practise of other parts of the subject/discipline. These are known as threshold concepts. Other approaches worth considering at this point, include the use of case-based discussions to facilitate problem-based and blended learning. The use of simulation to teach dentistry is also evolving rapidly, together with the use of AI - and this should also be considered at this point.

 

Tools:

  • The Vision
  • MOLAR (mapping to regulatory or standardised frameworks)
  • GED/CEF (online search)
  • SIG
  • EJDE and other published curricula
    • Specialist curricula
    • Scoping review
  • DigEdDent